Details for International ‘drive’ for reforms on water

Name:International ‘drive’ for reforms on water

Water reforms have been on the international agenda for decades and this essay assesses the impact of these reforms at a national and local level by focusing on women in peri­urban areas in Zambia. While the Zambian constitution specifically includes political and civil rights, it only implies the economic, social and cultural rights that would obligate the government to deliver social services, including water. The right to water is a gendered issue as women have traditionally been responsible for supplying water for the household but the author points out that the local legislation dealing with water rights and access does not take this into account. Commercialization of water is said to maximize profits for commercial utilities and increase efficiency in water use, thus reducing negative environmental impacts and improving water conservation. However, in a situation where over 60 per cent of urban dwellers are poor, high pricing of water makes it inaccessible to many households. The author discusses the George Compound Water Project in Lusaka which has attempted to address these issues and goes on to suggest a human rights approach to water reforms in Zambia that incorporates the spirit of the relevant international human rights instruments.

By Cosmas Lukupulo

Filename:LE9Water reforms.pdf
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Created On: 12/03/2012 05:11
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Last updated on: 12/03/2012 05:12